Biografie von Leon KROLL (1884-1974)

Birth place: NYC

Death place: Gloucester, MA

Addresses: NYC/Chicago, IL

Profession: Painter, lithographer, critic, teacher

Studied: ASL, with John Henry Twachtman, 1901; NAD, 1903; Académie Julian, Paris with Jean Paul Laurens, c.1908-09

Exhibited: NAD, 1910 (first solo; 85 works); PAFA Ann., 1911-58; 1964, 1966 (gold medal, 1927, 1930); SC, 1912 (Porter prize); Armory Show, 1913; Corcoran Gal. biennials, 1914-53 (19 times); Pan.-Pac. Expo., San Fran., 1915 (bronze medal); S. Indp. A., 1917-21, 1923, 1929, 1936; AIC 1919 (Logan medal and hon. men.), 1924 (Potter Palmer gold medal; and exhib. with G. Bellows); Wilmington SFA, 1921 (1st prize); NAD, 1921 (Clark prize), 1922 (1st Altman prize), 1932 (prize), 1935 (1st Altman prize), 1943 (Obrig prize), 1965 ( Altman Award for landscape painting); CI, 1925 (hon. men.), 1936 (1st prize); Salons of Am., 1927, 1929; Newport (RI) AA, 1929 (prize), 1939 (Elliot Mem. prize); NAC, 1930 (Gregg prize); Indianapolis, 1930 (purchase prize); Pan-Am. Exhib., BMA, 1931 (prize); Boston AC, 1932 (1st medal); Worcester MA, 1937 (retrospective); Int. Expo., Paris, 1937 (medal); Phila. A. All., 1941 (1st prize); WMAA; Detroit Art Inst.; CMA; City Mus. of St Louis; B. Danenberg Gal., NYC, (exhib. of early work), 1970; J. Rotenberg Gal., Boston, 1987. Special awards: Chevalier, Legion of Honor, France, 1950.

Member: ANA, 1920; NA, 1927; New Soc. Artists; Phila. AC; Am. Soc. PS & G (pres., 1931-35); Boston AC; NIAL (vice-pres., 1943); Am. Acad. Arts & Letters (1950, dir. & chairman art committee); NAC (life mem.); Woodstock AA

Work: PAFA; MMA; MoMA; WMAA; AIC; CI; LACMA; SFMA; Dayton AI; Columbus Gal. FA; CMA; Detroit Inst. Art; Minneapolis Inst. Art; Denver Art Mus.; Woodstock AA; San Diego FA Soc.; Clearwater (FL) Mus.; Norton Gal.; Univ. Nebraska; Wilmington Soc. FA; St. Louis Mus.; John Herron AI; Univ. Ill., Urbana; Des Moines AA; Municipal Univ. of Omaha; Corcoran Gal.; Mus. New Mex. Commissions: murals, Justice Bldg., Wash., DC; war memorial, Worcester, MA; mosaic dome, U.S. Military Cemetery, Omaha Beach, France; murals, John Hopkins Univ. Auditorium.

Comments: Realist artist and an important teacher at the NAD and ASL. His full name was Abraham Leon Kroll. Returned from study in France in 1910 and established a studio in NYC, where he became friendly with G. Bellows. By 1911, he was teaching at the NAD. He was painting in Gloucester by 1912 and painted throughout New England, from Rockport, MA, to Woodstock, NY. Kroll also made many trips to France, where he was friendly with Chagall and R. Delaunay. About 1917 he went to Santa Fe, NM, joining Robert Henri and Bellows. He also painted on Monhegan Island (ME). Teaching: NAD, 1911- ; ASL, 1924-25, 1929-; Maryland Inst. Art , 1919-23, 1929; PAFA, 1929-30. Positions: hon. pres., U.S. Commission, Int. Assn. Plastic Arts, 1954-. Publications: auth., Leon Kroll (catalogue), Cleveland Print Club, 1945; auth., Leon Kroll (monogr.), Am. Artists Group, 1946.

Sources: WW73; Van Deren Coke, Taos and Santa Fe: the Artistic Environment (Univ. New Mexico Press, 1963); William H Gerdts, Jr., Painting and Sculpture in New Jersey (Van Nostrand, 1964); Baigell, Dictionary; Eldredge, et al., Art in New Mexico, 1900-1945, 200; Curtis, Curtis, and Lieberman, 184; Falk, Exh. Record Series.

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