Biografie von Joseph PENNELL (1858/60-1926)

Birth place: Philadelphia, PA

Death place: Brooklyn Heights, NY

Addresses: Germantown, PA; London, England; Brooklyn Heights, NY

Profession: Painter, etcher, lithographer, illustrator, writer

Studied: PAFA, 1878-80; Pa. Sch. Indust. A.; etching with Gerome Ferris, then Whistler

Exhibited: PAFA Ann., 1879-84, 1893, 1899-1905, 1915; NAD, 1880; Boston AC, 1884; NY Etching Cl, 1884; Paris Expo, 1889, 1900 (gold); Phila. AC, 1892 (med.); Columbian Expo, Chicago, 1893 (med.); Paris Salon, 1901; Pan-Am. Expo, Buffalo, 1901; Dresden, 1903 (gold); St. Louis (gold); St. Louis Expo, 1904; Liege, 1905 (gold); Milan, 1906 (prize); Barcelona, 1907; Brussels, 1910; Amsterdam, 1912 (gold); Florence, 1915 (prize); P. P. Expo, San Fran., 1915 (med.); AIC; Concord AA, 1922; MMA, 1926 (mem. exh.); Davison Art Cntr., Wesleyan Univ., 1979 (retrospective); Parrish AM, 1984 ("Painter-Etchers" exh.)

Member: ANA, 1907; NA, 1909; NIAL; AAAL. 1922; Arch. Lg., 1894; Phila. SE; NY Etching Cl; Intl. S. Painters, Sculp., Gravers, London; Royal Belgian Acad. Assn., 1914; Paris SAP; T Square C.; Société des Peintres-Graveures Français, Paris; A. Workers Gld. London; Pa. Chapter AIA; Royal Inst. British Arch.; Chairman, Jury of Awards, St. Louis, 1905; Rome, 1911; San Fran., 1915; Commissioner, Milan, 1905; Leipzig, 1914.

Work: Luxembourg Mus., Paris; Cabinet des Estampes, Paris; Uffizi Gal., Florence; Mod. Gal., Venice; Mod. Gal., Rome; British Mus., South Kensington Mus., both in London ; LOC; AIC; BM; Berlin Gal.; Dresden Gal.; Munich Gal.

Comments: A close friend of Whistler, he carried on the master"s etching style and was regarded as one of the leading etchers in America. He was also highly regarded for his pen & ink drawings. Author: Life of James McNeill Whistler, The Whistler Journal(with Mrs. Pennell), Modern Illustration, The Graphic Art Series, and The Graphic Arts, Scammon Lectures. His illustrations appeared in Magazine of Art, Art Journal, and Century. In all, he wrote or illustrated about 100 books. Taught at the ASL.

Sources: WW25; Encyclopaedia of New Orleans Artists, 295; Baigell, Dictionary; Jane Allinson (exh. cat., Davison Art Cntr, Wesleyan Univ., 1979); American Painter-Etcher Movement 45; Falk, Exh. Record Series.

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