Biografie von Paul STRAND (1890-1976)

Birth place: NYC

Death place: Oregeval, France

Addresses: France (1948-on)

Profession: Photographer, cinematographer

Studied: Lewis Hine, 1909.

Exhibited: Stieglitz's 291" Gal., 1916; S. Indp. A., 1917; Anderson Gal. NYC, 1925; Intimate Gal., NYC, 1929; Am. Place, 1945; MoMA, 1945, 1956; Kreis Mus., Germany, 1969; PMA, 1971; MMA, 1998"

Work: Strand Archive at Center for Creative Phography, Tucson; PMA (large collection); BMFA; MoMA; MMA; Univ. New Mexico; NOMA; Nat. Gal., Wash., DC; Yale Univ. AG; SFMA.

Comments: One of the primary "straight" photographers of the 20th century, he began his first experiments with abstraction in 1915, and close-ups of machines, 1917-23. From 1919-on he shot landscapes, achitecture, and portraits. From the 1920s-40s, he was also a filmmaker, producing Manhatta" with C. Sheeler, 1921; and "The Wave" in Alvarado, Mexico, 1933; and he worked on documentary films through WWII. His photographs appeared in Stieglitz's Camera Work (1916 & 1917). His photo books include: Photographs of Mexico (1920); Time in New England (1950); La France de Frofil (1952); Un Paese (1954); Tir a'Mhurain (1962); Paul Strand: A Retrospective Monograph (1971).

Sources: Witkin & London, 246; Baigell, Dictionary.

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